THE EFFECT OF BACK MASSAGE ON THE SEVERITY OF BACK JOINT PAIN AT ASISI NURSING HOME OF SUKABUMI CITY

Maya Syanti Dewi Amir, Faizal Yan

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Background: Being old is a state that happens in human life. The ageing process is the process of weakening in the immune system in the face of internal and external stimuli, which ends in death. The most common disease suffered by the elderly is joint disease, which is the cause of disability in the elderly. One of the methods currently in use to overcome this is back massage therapy. Objectives: The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of back massage on the severity of back joint pain in the elderly. Joints are connections between two or more bones that work with the muscles and nerves to produce smooth and purposeful movements. Massage is defined as a mechanical hand movement against the human body using various forms or techniques of grip. An elderly is a person who is in the final stage of the human life cycle. Methods: This research is experimental in nature. The experiment uses quasi experimental or pre-experimental design with samples of 19 respondents. The research adopts a purposive sampling method.  Hypotheses are analysed using Wilcoxon test. Results: The findings indicates that bivariate test using Wilcoxon test results in a P-value of 0.000, p-value < 0.05, which means that H0 is rejected. Thus, it suggests that back massage has an effect on the severity of back joint pain. Conclusions: The research conclusion shows that back massage has an effect on the severity of back joint pain. Based on this research, back massage therapy can be used as an alternative to alleviate complaints of back joint pain in the elderly.


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back massage, joint pain, elderly

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