EFFECTIVENESS OF DISTRACTION TECHNIQUE TRAINING IN PARENTS AGAINST DECREASED DISTRESS (PAIN) IN CHILDREN IN IMMUNIZATION AT PUSKESMAS PUTER

Maidartati Maidartati

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Background: Immunization is closely related to needles that can cause anxiety, avoidance can even cause distress in children and parents. Distraction technique is one of the integrated non-pharmacological interventions involving the role of parents in overcoming pain problems during infant immunization procedures. Objectives:This study aims to determine the effectiveness of distraction technique training on childhood distress (pain) in children immunization. Methods:This research is quantitative by using quasi experiment design. Sampling by accidental sampling. Data were collected from 25 control groups and 25 intervention groups. Measurements of pain after immunization using Modified behavior pain scale (MBPS). The data were classified by median, then treated with t-test. The results showed that values in the control group, all of which included severe pain criteria. While in the intervention group, most include mild pain criteria. Results: Based on statistical test using t-test shows p-value = 0,000 <α = 0.05. This shows that there is a significant difference between intervention and control groups. Provision of interventions with distraction techniques involving the role of parents can reduce the scale of pain in children after immunization

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Immunization, Distraction Techniques, Pain

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