LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE AND EXTENT OF PRACTICE ON INFECTION CONTROL AMONG STAFF NURSES IN A SELECTED HOSPITAL IN INDONESIA: INPUT TO STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

Halimatusyadiah Halimatusyadiah

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Background: Many nosocomial infections occur worldwide with the highest incidence in poor countries and the developing countries due to infectious diseases that are still the main cause. A study conducted by World Health Organization (WHO) showed that about 8.7% of the 55 hospitals of 14 countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia and the Pacific had nosocomial infections; with Southeast Asia has much as 10% (WHO, 2009). Objectives: The study aimed to determine the level of knowledge and extent of infection control practices among staff nurses in a selected government facility in West Java, Indonesia as input to staff development program. Methods: This study used a quantitative descriptive research design aimed to determine the level of knowledge and extent of infection control practices among staff nurses in a selected government hospital in West Java, Indonesia. The variables included in the study were on the areas of hand hygiene, personal protective equipment (PPE), respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, and cleaning, disinfecting and proper waste disposal. For data collection, a three (3) part structured survey questionnaire was utilized. Statistical treatment of the data was processed using frequency count and percentage distribution, weighted mean to determine level of knowledge and extent of practice and Pearson r for hypotheses testing. Results: Findings of the study revealed that 1) participants were generally knowledgeable in infection control; however, they were rated very knowledgeable in the area of Personal Protective Equipment; knowledgeable in areas of Hand Hygiene   and Cleaning, Disinfection  and Proper waste disposal; 2) they were noted to be practicing infection control to the fullest extent; 3)  a significant relationship exists on age and length of service of the participants with their level  knowledge on infection control practices but no significant relationship  exists on gender, educational attainment and area of assignment and level of knowledge; and 4) a significant relationship between the level of knowledge and extent of practice on infection control. Conclusions: Based from the findings, the study came up with the following conclusions: 1) age and length of service of nurses can contribute to the improvement of their knowledge on infection control and 2) there is a direct association between level of knowledge and extent of practice in infection control

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Extent of practice , Infection control , Level of knowledge, Nurses

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