DESCRIPTIVE ABOUT NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN CENTRAL WERDI OF PEKALONGAN REGENCY

Ahsinina Islamia

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Introduction: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is the leading cause of death globally. PTM is closely related to degenerative conditions. With age, physiological function will decrease due to aging process so that NCD many appear in old age. In addition, degenerative problems can lower the immune system so it is very susceptible to disease.Global WHO (World Health Organization) estimates non-infectious diseases account for 63% of deaths and 43% morbidity worldwide. The 2010 global status report on the NCD World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 60% of all deaths in the world are due to non-communicable diseases and 4% dying before the age of 70 years the proportion of non-infectious causes of death diseases in people younger than 70 year, cardiovascular disease is the biggest cause (39%), followed by cancer (27%) (Riley, 2014). This situation leads to difficult handling due to complications and even early death. Objective: This research is expected to be applied as health care innovation in reducing non-communicable diseases case in Indonesia. Method: The research design used in this study is cross sectional with the number of samples of 181 Family Cards from 401 Family Card Village Werdi Pekalongan District. Instruments in the study of questionnaires about non-communicable diseases in the community. Result: number of PTM cases as much as 45,5%. There were asthma disease (10,5%), hypertension (21%), diabetes mellitus (5,3%), rheumatic (10,5%), heart (10,5%), and other disease (31,6%) . Conclusions: To realize the health behaviors that avoid NCD, it is necessary to survey risk factors, health promotion and prevention through health service through integrated post of non-communicable disease. Implementation of integrated post service of NCD in Indonesian society is expected to be able to control non-communicable diseases and improve the knowledge and skills of officers and cadres, especially in conducting early detection, monitoring and follow-up of non-transmittable risk factors optimally so that it is expected to help reduce the rate of NCD increase in community

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Elderly, Non-Communicable Diseases, Precentage.

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References


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