EXPOSURE OF VIOLENCE AMONG MENTAL HEALTH NURSES AND PATIENTS ASSOCIATED WITH WORKING ALLIANCE

Iyus Yosep, Helmy Hazmi, Zabidah Putit, Henny Suzana Mediani

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This is a study of Exposure of Violence among Mental Health Nurses and Patients, associated with Working Alliance in Indonesian Mental Hospital. This study determined the relationship between Working Alliance and its association with Physical, Verbal, Psychological and Sexual Violence among Mental Health Nurses and patient in Indonesian Mental Hospital. The traumatic experiences of mental health nurses and the violence experiences of patient were explore through focus group discussion. This study adopted a Sequential Explanatory Mixed Method.  A total of 120 nurses and 40 patients were selected in the Mental Hospital West Java Indonesia using purposive sampling. About two third of the respondent were female; 80% had an education background of bachelor and diploma. About 80% of the respondent has work experienced of more than 10 years and 60 % of the nurses are currently working in acute and chronic room. Most of the nurses experiences low level of violence in all four categories (physical, verbal, Psychological and sexual) which range of 54.2% to 69.2%. Psychological violence recorded the highest percentage of violence (45.5) among all four type of violence. The percentage of Working Alliance is high about 51.1% among Mental Health Nurses. Qualitatively; Nurse’s experiences included: physical assault, verbal violence, sexual harassment, and intimidation of family, threat of lawsuit, unpredictable situation and desire to leave the job. On the other hand, patient’s experiences were classified into three major themes. These included patient’s experiences as perpetrator, as victim and as perpetrator to neighbors. In addition, patients also described a theme of experiences as victim by family, and showed the way of coping with violence. There is a significant relationship between violence and Working Alliance, wherein the higher the exposure to violence, the lower the working alliance. This study recommended four aspect in the working alliance; safety consideration, education and training, nursing management, unit after trauma to be emphasized.


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Exposure Mental Health Nurses to Violence, Working Alliance

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