THE EFFECTIVENESS OF BALANCE EXERCISE ON REDUCING RISK OF FALL IN OLDER PEOPLE

Wini Hadiyani, Nia Ratna Rukhiah

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Background: The risk of fall in the elderly can be treated by improving the balance of the body and muscle strength of the lower extremities. Balance exercise includes plantar, hip and knee flexion, hip extension and side leg raise. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effect of balance exercise to reduce the risk of fall in older people. Methods: This study was conducted using queasy experimental design with one group pre-post-test. The total sample included in this study was 17 participant that selected using total sampling techniques based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were analyzed using student t-test. Results: The study found a significant effect of balance exercise to reduce the risk of fall in older people (p=0.000). Mean different for risk of fall before and after the intervention was 42.53 and 50.06, respectively. Conclusions: Balance exercise can reduce the risk of fall among older people. This intervention can be applied by a nurse or social worker in a nursing home to prevent fall in older people.

 


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balance, exercise, fall, older, intervention

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