A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF WOMAN MOTIVATION FOR PARTISIPATION IN EXERCISE

Irma Darmawati

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Background: the orientation of each person's motivation is different. Motivation emphasize the underlying reason a person's behavior. A different type of motivation will influence a different action as in motivation following sports activities. Factors that can affect the motivation is  weight management motivation, stress management, strength and durability, social recognition, revitalization, health reasons, elusiveness, avoiding disease, pressure from energy health, pleasure, competitions, challenges, appearance, and social relationships. Objectives: the objective of this research is to use the self determination of the model to describe the extrinsic or intrinsic motivation underlying the respondents to participate in sports activities. Methods: a descriptive quantitative research involves 44 adult women in Depok City. Motivation levels were measured using the exercise motivation inventory-2. This instrument is analyzing the internal and external motivation that consists of the 14 factors of motivation. Results: the highest mean on motivation of the respondent to follow sport is intrinsic motivation with 3.55 mean greater than extrinsic motivation with a mean of 2.47.The distribution factors of intrinsic motivation is wishing better health expectations (4.76), to avoid diseases (4.48), as well as the reasons of weight management (4.28).  Discussions: Research results indicate instrinsic motivation as a highest motivation in following sports activities, it reflects the highest level of self determination which indicate that an activity is performed because of desire and personal pleasure to do such behaviour.With this motivation, all the respondents participated in sporting activities that are guided by researchers without drop out for 2 months. Conclusions: the initial motivation of the respondent became the important thing to note in the early community planning sports activities so that nurse can match the needs of sport in accordance with the objectives to be achieved. Advice for nurse to make the sports program of the community in accordance with the motivation that can be grouped according the aggregate in communities to improve the healthy community Program Gerakan Masyarakat Sehat (Germas).


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Exercise, Motivation, Woman

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